East Java at a glance

East Java is a province in the eastern part of Java, Indonesia. Its capital is Surabaya. Its area is 47 922 km² and a population of 38 million inhabitants. East Java has the largest area among 6 provinces in Java, and has the largest population in Indonesia after West Java. East Java Java Sea in the north, the Strait of Bali in the east, the southern Indian Ocean, as well as the Central Java province in the west. East Java region also includes the island of Madura, Bawean, Kangean island as well as a number of small islands in the Java Sea (Masalembu Islands), and the Indian Ocean (Sempu Island and Nusa Barong).

East Java has a wet tropical climate. Compared with the western part of Java Island, East Java in general has less rainfall. Average rainfall is 1,900 mm per year, with a rainy season during the 100 days. The average temperature ranges between 21-34 ° C. Temperatures in the lower mountain areas, and even in areas Ranu Pani (slopes of Mount Semeru), temperatures can reach minus 4 ° C, causing a decline in the soft snow.

The majority of the population of East Java are Javanese, however, ethnicity is more heterogeneous in East Java. Javanese spread in almost all regions of East Java mainland. Madura tribes inhabit the island of Madura, and horse hooves region (eastern part of East Java), particularly in coastal areas north and south. In some areas the horse hooves, Tribe Madura even constitute the majority. Almost in all cities in East Java, Madura tribe minorities, mostly those working in the informal economy.

Bawean tribes inhabiting the northern part of the island of Bawean in Gresik. Tengger tribe, said to be the descendants of runaway kingdom of Majapahit, scattered in the Tengger Mountains and surrounding areas. Osing tribe living in parts of Banyuwangi. Samin people living in the interior portion Bojonegoro.

In addition to the natives, East Java is also a shelter for migrants. The Chinese are a significant minority, and the majority in some places, followed by an Arab; they generally live in urban areas. Bali has also stayed at a number of villages in Banyuwangi. Today many expats living in East Java, especially in Surabaya, and a number of other industrial areas.

Tari Remo

Tari Remo

East Java has a number of distinctive art. Ludruk is one of the East Javanese art is quite well known, namely the art of the stage that generally all the players are male. Unlike the Ketoprak which tells the life of the palace, ludruk tells the daily life of ordinary people, often spiced with humor and social criticism, and generally opened with Dance Remo, and parikan. Currently traditional ludruk groups can be found in the area of ​​Surabaya, Mojokerto and Jombang; although its presence increasingly defeated by modernization.

Reog Ponorogo

Reog Ponorogo

Reog who had claimed to be a dance from Ponorogo Malaysia is a typical art that has been patented since 2001, reog now also become the icon of East Javanese art. Staging reog accompanied by horse braid (kuda lumping) are accompanied by elements of the occult. Famous art of East Java, among others puppet purwa East Javanese style, mask mastermind in Madura, and made. In the area Mataraman Middle Javanese arts such as Ketoprak, and shadow puppets are quite popular. Famous legend of East Java, among others Damarwulan, Angling Darma, and Sarip Tambak-Oso.

Traditional dance in East Java can be generally grouped into Middle Javanese style, East Javanese style, dance style Osing Java and Madura trian style. Classical dance, among others gambyong dance, dance srimpi, dance bondan, and wanderer.

There is also a sort of lion dance culture in East Java. Art exists in two districts namely, Bondowoso, and Jember. Singo Wulung is a distinctive culture Bondowoso. While Jember have the tiger kadhuk. Both art that is rarely encountered.

East Java has a number of interesting sights. One of the tourist icon is Mount Bromo in East Java, which is inhabited by the Tengger tribe, where the ceremony is held every year Kasada. In the mountainous region of Tengger also there is a waterfall that is Madakaripura which is the last hermitage Mahapatih Gajah Mada before serving in the kingdom of Majapahit. Madakaripura Waterfall has a height of about 200 meters, which makes it the highest waterfall on the island of Java and the second highest in Indonesia. East Java also has some other mountainous tourist area of ​​which is Malang Raya mountainous area known as the natural mountain tourist area that includes Malang and Batu. Tretes and Trawas mountainous areas, are also known to have characteristics such as Puncak area in West Java province. Other natural attractions in East Java is the National Park (4 of 12 National Parks in Java), Purwodadi Purwodadi, Pasuruan, and Taman Safari Indonesia II Prigen.

East Java is also contained relics of history in the classical era. Trowulan sites in Mojokerto, once the center of the Majapahit Kingdom, there are dozens of temples and tombs of the kings of Majapahit. Other temples spread throughout much of East Java, including Penataran temple in Blitar. In Madura, Sumenep is the center of the kingdom of Madura, where there are Kraton Sumenep, museums, and the tombs of the kings of Madura (Asta Tinggi Sumenep).

East Java is known to have a very beautiful coastal scenery. On the south coast there is the coast of Prigi Beach Pelang and White Sand Beach in Psychology, Turkish Popoh in Tulungagung, Turkish Ngliyep, and tourism areas such as East Java Park, Batu Secret Zoo, Batu Night Spectacular, Eco Green Park in Batu, and Turkish Watu Ulo in Jember. East Java also has a beach that the waves is one of the best in the world, namely the Turkish Plengkung located in Banyuwangi. In the northern coastal region there Frog Cape Coast in Lamongan, has now managed, and developed by Regency Lamongan into regional Marine Tourism Lamongan (WBL). East Java community often refer to Jatim Park II WBL actual Jatim Park II itself is in Batu. In addition there Kenjeran Beach in Surabaya, and the White Sand Beach in Situbondo. Lake in East Java, among others Sarangan in Magetan, Dam Ir. Sutami in Malang, and Dam Selorejo in Blitar.

The coastal area of ​​the north there are a number of tombs of the saints, who become religious pilgrims travel for Muslims. Five of the nine walisongo buried in East Java: Sunan Ampel in Surabaya, Sunan Giri, and Malik Ibrahim in Gresik, Sunan Drajat in Paciran (Lamongan), and Sunan Bonang, Tuban. In the northern coastal region there are also interesting caves are: Cave Maharani in Lamongan and Tuban Akbar Cave and Cave Gong located in Pacitan is known as the most beautiful caves in Southeast Asia. Pilgrimage attraction in East Java, among others, the tombs were also proclaimed the Republic of Indonesia’s first president Soekarno contained in Kota Blitar, as well as the tomb of the fourth Indonesian president Abdurrahman Wahid / Gus Dur is located in Jombang.

Malang Metropolitan Region is a leading tourist destination in Indonesia with the City of Rock as its center. Malang has various tourist areas of natural beauty ranging from volcanoes to beaches, as well as man-made tour of the history of travel to an international-class theme park with the support of inter-provincial transportation via trains, buses, and airplanes are available in Malang. Batu Secret Zoo always ranked top 10 in order of the best zoos in Asia according to the website of the leading traveling TripAdvisor.

Surabaya is the center of government, and the business center of East Java, where there are Tugu Pahlawan, the Museum MPU Tantular, Surabaya Zoo, Submarine Monument, Ampel Region, and Region Tunjungan. Jawa Timur Park in Batu, and Marine Tourism Lamongan Lamongan in a tourism vehicle that is touted as disneyland in Indonesia in addition to Ancol Dreamland in Jakarta.

Bojonegoro travel there in the heaven of Fire is the eternal flame that has existed since hundreds of years ago. There is also a Travel Wana Dander, and Pacal Reservoir in Bojonegoro.

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